John Cornyn

Welcome to The Daily Texan's Election Night Live Blog. Throughout the night, we will provide updates on the biggest statewide and Austin elections.

8:13 p.m. — The Associated Press has called all statewide races for the Republicans, including Patrick in the leiutenant governor's race, State Sen. Ken Paxton, R-McKinney, for attorney general, State Sen. Glenn Hegar, R-Katy, for comptroller, George P. Bush for land commissioner, Sid Miller for agriculture comissioner and Ryan Sitton for railroad commissioner.

8:05 p.m. — The Associated Press has called the senate race for U.S. Sen. John Cornyn and the governor election for Abbott. Cornyn leads the senate race with 60 percent of the vote. His opponent, Democrat David Alameel holds 37 percent. For Govenor, Abbott lead Davis 57 to 41 percent.

7:56 p.m. — In other city early voting totals, City Council member Kathie Tovo leads the District 9 race with 50 percent. Fellow City Council member Chris Riley holds 40 percent. The majority early voters in Austin were not in favor of Austin's Proposition 1, which would allocate bond money toward an urban rail line in the city, with 58 percent voting against the proposal.

7:46 p.m. — According to Travis County early voting totals, attorney Steve Adler leads the Austin mayor's race with 39 percent of the vote. City Council member Mike Martinez hold 30 percent of the vote and Mayor Pro Tem Sheryl Cole has 15 percent.

"It's a start," Adler said. "We still have a runoff, so we still have a long way go."

7:32 p.m. — With more than 8 percent of precints reported, Republicans have started the night with a strong leads in the major statewide elections. For governor, Attorney General Greg Abbott leads State Sen. Wendy Davis, D-Forth Worth with 58 percent of the vote. In the leiutenant governor's race, State Sen. Dan Patrick, R-Houston, holds 57 percent and State Sen. Leticia Van de Putte, D-San Antonio, has 40 percent.

6:15 p.m.  With 45 minutes left before the polls close, the line at the on-campus polling location in the Flawn Academic Center is wrapped around the building and more than an hour long in wait time. If you are in the line at 7 p.m., you will be permitted to vote.

U.S. Sen. John Cornyn criticized the inefficiency of Congress at his Texas Tribune Festival keynote interview Saturday.

Cornyn, who is also the Senate's minority whip, is running for his third term in the Senate. At the AT&T Executive Education and Conference Center on Saturday, he noted that although President Barack Obama’s approval rating is at a low 17 percent, Congress’ approval rating is much lower.

“I agree that Congress is dysfunctional, but largely it’s the Senate,” Cornyn said. “We’ve been largely relegated to showboats and anticipation of the election and not addressing the problems of our country.”

While critical of the 2013 government shutdown, Cornyn said Sen. Harry Reid, who is also the Senate's majority leader, spurs on the dysfunctional relationship in Congress. 

“There is an important difference between what people say and what people do,” Cornyn said. “President Obama has always talked about people working together, but we haven’t see a lot of it. Can we fix this? Yes, we can.”

Congress does not stay in session nearly as much as it needs to, Cornyn said. Congress has not passed a budget since 2009, and, according to Cornyn, there is no excuse for that. He suggested a five-day work week for Congress and said the recess they are taking before elections is unnecessary.

“We just adjourned Thursday night for 45 days now,” Cornyn said. “There no reason why Congress should be out of session. We should be there working. But only Senator Reid has the authority to decide when we should be in session.”

Cornyn also spoke about turmoil in the Middle East and said Obama needs to formulate a plan to deal with ISIS.

“I do believe that it was a mistake for President Obama to not negotiate bilateral security that would have left a small residual footprint for American and NATO troops in Iraq after the successful end of most of what we were fighting over there,” Cornyn said. “You have this radically barbaric Islamist group that is a real serious threat. What we keep waiting for is for the president to come up with a plan. He is the commander in chief. It is his responsibility.”

Cornyn said he does not agree with Obama’s current plan to arm and equip Syrian rebels to fight the Islamic State group.

“What we need is a much broader and wholesomer debate,” Cornyn said. Senate is the only body able to declare a war. Secretary Kerry refusing to use that word is disingenuous. When America engages in a fight with a group like ISIS, that is a war.”

Cornyn said Obama needs to gain bipartisan support for his war on the Islamic State group.

“Only by doing that will he get the support of the American people,” Cornyn said. “He seems to go it alone, which means he will be alone and responsible for the outcome.”

Government freshman Madison Albrecht said she came to listen to Cornyn to hear his plans for the future and his stance on different issues.

“I thought he was very good at explaining his viewpoint on various issues and how he felt about the problems in the Senate,” Albrecht said. “I think there are clearly many problems with Congress, and he was able to address concerns.”

Cornyn said once the Senate has been restored to its role as a functioning body, approval rates will go up along with satisfaction rates.

“Whether you’re in the majority or in the minority, it’s a pretty miserable experience,” Cornyn said. “Not only for the voters but also for the people who work there.”

Cornyn-Cuellar bill brings forth practical solution to border crisis

On Tuesday, Senate Minority Whip John Cornyn of Texas, center, defends legislation he has authored with fellow Texan Rep. Henry Cuellar, D-Texas, to speed the removal of tens of thousands of Central American kids flowing over the U.S.-Mexico Border as Washington searches for a solution to the growing crisis.
On Tuesday, Senate Minority Whip John Cornyn of Texas, center, defends legislation he has authored with fellow Texan Rep. Henry Cuellar, D-Texas, to speed the removal of tens of thousands of Central American kids flowing over the U.S.-Mexico Border as Washington searches for a solution to the growing crisis.

As politicians scramble to find a solution to the border crisis — at least one that voters will favor in November — the most recent legislation sponsored by U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, R-TX, and U.S. Representative Henry Cuellar, D-TX, has been called a ploy to expedite the deportation process. The Helping Unaccompanied Minors and Alleviating National Emergency (HUMANE) Act has been oversimplified as anti-immigrant, and while it certainly needs to be revised to include provisions for pro bono legal counsel, for example, the overall intent of the bill would undoubtedly ease the crisis. Because of its requirement that all undocumented immigrants be treated equally regardless of country of origin, undocumented minors from Central America would receive a quick screening and probable deportation just as those from Mexico do. The HUMANE Act would send thousands of children back into the arms of poverty and gang violence, but it also fixes inefficiencies in the current immigration system, which is not pragmatic for circumstances at the border.

Current immigration law treats undocumented children from Mexico and Central America differently. When undocumented minors come from Mexico, their fate is determined within a week by an immigration judge. But undocumented minors from non-contiguous countries are transferred into the custody of Health and Human Services. Then, they could be given a court date that may not come for months or even years. The legislation proffered by Cornyn and Cuellar would absolutely expedite the deportation process, but the alternative — having undocumented minors wait for an indefinite amount of time before any action is taken — not only leaves these children unsure about their future, but it also undermines the law. Although the border crisis has been regarded as a humanitarian issue, the government has the responsibility to uphold the law in order to send the message, both domestically and internationally, that our immigration laws are not applied on a case-by-case basis.

Davis is an associate editor.


Photo Credit: The Associated Press

The soldier who killed three people and left more than a dozen injured at Fort Hood on Wednesday evening may have argued with another service member prior to the shooting, according to Lt. Gen. Mark Milley. 

.Milley, joined by Sen. John Cornyn, identified the gunman as 34-year-old Ivan Lopez in a press conference held Thursday afternoon. Milley said there is a “strong possibility” that Lopez engaged in a verbal argument with another soldier before the attack, yet there is no indication that he targeted specific individuals.

“At this point we have not yet ruled out anything whatsoever,” Milley said. “We are committed to letting the investigation run its course.”

Milley said Lopez was undergoing treatment for depression and diagnostic procedures for post-traumatic stress disorder.

“We have very strong evidence that he had a medical history that indicates unstable psychiatric or psychological condition,” Milley said. “We believe that to be a fundamental underlying cause.”

Mental health issues are some of the most difficult to identify, Cornyn said.

“Mental-health issues are the most vexing issues from my perspective in terms of how do we identify people who have genuine problems that need to be treated,” Cornyn said. “At the same time, we have to be very careful and not paint with too broad a brush and assume because someone has been in combat that they necessarily have those issues.”

Lopez served four months in Iraq but had not been in combat, according to Milley.

U.S. Senator John Cornyn speaks at the State College Republican Convention on Saturday afternoon. Cornyn was among several speakers at the event, who appealed for votes and emphasized the need for the Republican party to attract voters from demographics that historically vote Democrat.


Ethan Oblak | Daily Texan Staff

Photo Credit: Ethan Oblak | Daily Texan Staff

In an effort to win over younger voters, several Republican candidates vying for statewide offices spoke at the State College Republican Convention on Saturday.

Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst, George P. Bush, state Sen. Dan Patrick, R-Houston, and U.S. Senator John Cornyn were among the guest speakers at the convention, which was held at the Student Activity Center. While many candidates appealed to convention attendees for their votes, they also stressed the need for the Republican Party to modernize.

“There’s no doubt that we can win, but, in order to do that, we have to let go of the stale tactics of the past,” said Skot Covert, College Republican National Committee co-chairman. “How could a party that uses out-of-date, behind-the-times technology expect to be competitive with millennials, the very generation that is the most technology-savvy generation to live?”

According to Covert, the Texas GOP is making significant changes to become more competitive with young voters, including incorporating social media into Republican campaigns.

Covert said many young voters agree with the Republican Party on a lot of issues, such as limiting the scope of government and decreasing federal debt, but the party seeks to correct misconceptions that some young voters have about the party.

“There is a huge void — a conservative void — on campus,” Covert said. “Because of that, our generation thinks very, very poorly of the Republican Party.”

Bush, a candidate for Texas land commissioner, said he met students on both conservative and liberal campuses while traveling for his campaign.

“[Students] had told me that I’m the first aspirant for political office to come on campus, so this has got to change,” Bush said.

Sen. Cornyn said his re-election campaign staff is working to combat the efforts of the Democrat-supporting group Battleground Texas to make Texas a blue state.

“If we don’t meet that with equal force and equal organization, then it could well happen, not in 2014, maybe not even in 2016, but in 2020 and beyond,” Cornyn said. “If Texas delivers all of its electoral votes [to the Democratic Party], let’s say in 2020, we’ll never deliver another a Republican president again in my lifetime.”

Bush said Republican politicians need to be more visible and stressed the importance of using social media, such as Twitter, to increase local community participation, especially among demographics who historically tend to vote Democrat.

“In my campaign I created some controversy, as a Hispanic Republican, that we don’t have to sell out our conservative principles to win the Hispanic vote,” Bush said. “They are often — as the saying goes — Republican. They just don’t know it yet.”

John McCord, Texas GOP political director, said the party will rely less on phone banking and increase focus on voter registration and outreach efforts in ethnically diverse communities.

“We’re trying to build a much more ground-up approach and talking with folks about what matters to them instead of driving a statewide narrative,” McCord said. “Our goal is for these field offices to not go away after November but to keep the field offices, keep the staff and to have a fully operational ground game to keep these offices around long before 2016 rolls around.”

According to Bush, to win votes, the party needs to take a more active role in the community.

“We can’t just show up right before elections,” Bush said. “We have to show up after elections to have a meaningful conversation with the community.”

Amid all the talk of the gubernatorial and the lieutenant governor campaigns, as well as the competitive local primaries, it is easy to lose track of the many other important positions Texans will be voting on at the polls this year. 

Perhaps the most underrated of these contests is the race for the U.S. Senate. With fiercely competitive primaries for both the Democratic and Republican candidates, the two primaries thus far have nearly descended into a theater of the absurd. Particularly in the case of the Democratic primary, the major candidates have taken to attacking one another and focusing on unrelated issues such as endorsements from state senators rather than debating policy or zeroing in on the incumbent. The three major candidates, David Alameel, Michael Fjetland and Maxey Scherr, are doing this at the expense of productive campaigning against Senator Cornyn.

By most accounts, winning the Republican primary in this State nearly assures victory in the general election, while whoever captures the Democratic primary will face quite the uphill battle come November. Accordingly, it is both counterproductive and unwise for the Democratic candidates to focus on anything other than the incumbent, Sen. John Cornyn.

But, instead, candidate Maxey Scherr, an attorney from El Paso, has focused on the state’s other senator, Ted Cruz. 

“Texas is on ‘Cruz Control,’” Scherr recently stated in an online advertisement. “Ted Cruz is the epitome of everything that’s wrong with Washington, and John Cornyn is along for the ride. He’s on autopilot, voting the way Ted Cruz wants him to. If Texas stays on ‘Cruz Control,’ we’re headed for a wreck.” 

Scherr has even made a point of referencing controversial comments made by Cruz — and by Cruz alone — as a major reason for the campaign.

Scherr and another Democratic candidate, David Alameel, a dentist and multi-millionaire businessman from the Dallas area, have also sparred over the Alameel’s progressive credentials. Alameel has donated thousands of dollars to Republican candidates, and, according to unconfirmed reports, he embraced anti-abortion positions during a previous campaign for Congress. Oddly enough, Cornyn, the man against whom Alameel may run in the general election, is among the Republicans to whom Alameel has previously donated.

“David Alameel, the alleged Democrat running for the U.S. Senate, has bankrolled the anti-choice Republican agenda for years,” Scherr said. “He has given $1.6 million to the Republicans who oppose Roe v. Wade and vote to erode a woman’s right to choose at every turn.” 

Scherr expressed shock and indignation at Alameel’s support for other Republicans, including Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst and Sens. Orin Hatch, R-Utah, and Mitch McConnell, R-Kentucky. 

Alameel, for his part, refused comment to me — or everyone else, for that matter — on these topics. Indeed, he has not sat down for interviews with major newspapers, nor has he answered questions from Democratic grassroots organizations and panels. At the recent endorsement meeting of the University Democrats (which, I should note, I am a member of), a representative of Alameel’s campaign refused to take any questions from the audience. Alameel is not talking about Cornyn in this race; instead, all he is talking about is his high-profile endorsements from state Sens. Wendy Davis, the presumptive Democratic nominee for governor, and Leticia Van de Putte, the Democratic nominee for lieutenant governor.

Michael Fjetland, an attorney and businessman from Houston and the third major candidate in the primary, similarly, had no qualms about taking shots against his opponents. Fjetland, said that Scherr — whom he called a “young labor lawyer” — would not “make a big impression” in the general election. Similarly, he bemoaned Alameel’s recent tailwind in the primary, saying, “there isn’t enough money to buy a Texas election” — an obvious jab at Alameel’s heavy spending in his previous contest.

Whoever wins the Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate will face an enormously uphill battle to defeat two-term incumbent Cornyn, arguably the second most powerful Republican in the senate. Given that all these candidates are political novices with a high chance of being ignored by the media, perhaps it will be even more uphill than in previous cycles.

Cornyn is not, by any means, a moderate Republican. Whether his ultra-conservatism has been best exemplified by opposition to routine Cabinet nominations or a stand against renewal of the Violence against Women Act, Sen. Cornyn is often one of just a handful of senators on the extreme right-wing of American politics. There are plenty of opportunities for the Democratic opposition to critique him. Instead, they have sadly decided to run down one another instead.

Horwitz is a government junior from Houston.

Horns Down: Young Conservatives mistake hatred for discussion.

Every time a national news network pulls a stock photo of the UT Tower to illustrate an article on the thoughtless actions of the Young Conservatives of Texas, also known as YCT, we find ourselves reminded of one the most frustrating realities of sharing a campus with YCT: The more attention they get, the more people outside the state of Texas feel secure in dismissing all of UT as intolerant and crude. 

Yes, YCT’s actions are rightfully protected under the First Amendment, and any intervention on the part of the University to stop them would be unjust. 

But that doesn’t mean YCT’s planned event, a controversial mock immigration “sting,” to be held on campus Wednesday, during which students will receive $25 gift cards for “catching” volunteers wearing “illegal immigrant” signs, is anything but disgusting. University leaders and students alike have rightfully denounced the event.

YCT claims the event is meant “to spark a campus-wide discussion about the issue of illegal immigration, and how it affects our everyday lives.” 

There are probably more than a few members of YCT who feel that they’ve accomplished this mission simply because they’ve garnered the attention of the media. But if they read a little closer, or — dare we suggest it — opened their minds just a little, they’d realize that discussions started out of deep disgust and hatred fail to accomplish much in the way of progress. They’ve only done what we wish they hadn’t: alienated members of the UT community and further galvanized those beyond the 40 Acres into thinking of Texas as a backward community unable to do anything but hunt down and jail people who are different from ourselves.

Horns Up: Texas Congressmen fighting sex trafficking.

Today U.S. Sen. John Cornyn will join Rep. Ted Poe, R-Humble, and several other national lawmakers from both parties to introduce the Justice for Victims of Human Trafficking Act, which would increase resources for law enforcement, strengthen penalties for perpetrators and expand services for victims of sex trafficking. This isn’t the first time Cornyn has fought on behalf of the victims of this underreported and despicable crime. His most recent bill on the issue, filed in February, would reclassify sex trafficking as a violent crime, a move that we would call a no-brainer. That bill has not yet passed the Senate. We applaud Cornyn for his consistent efforts, and hope the bills will soon become law.

Horns Up: UT getting better at water conservation.

As The Daily Texan reported Monday, the University is taking steps to increase its sustainability by decreasing the overall amount of water it uses and increasing its reliance on recycled water. Although it still has a long way to go before it reaches its 2020 sustainability goals, UT already compares favorably with other similarly sized institutions and has made good progress over the last 30 years by reducing its total water usage by around 30 percent and increasing its reliance on recycled water. We’re encouraged by the University’s long-term commitment to conserving water in a time of unprecedented drought and hope it keeps up the good work.

Horns Up: Cornyn's not falling for it.

On Tuesday and Wednesday, U.S. Senator Ted Cruz railed against the alleged evils of the Affordable Care Act for over 21 hours. Cruz’s tactic does nothing to halt the vote, but it does risk a disastrous shutdown of the government, a move that Democrats and most Republicans oppose. “While I remain committed to defunding Obamacare, I’m also committed to avoiding a government shutdown,” said fellow Texas Republican Senator John Cornyn. We applaud Cornyn for choosing restraint, and working toward his political goals in a way that does not endanger the country’s well-being.

Horns Down: Racially-charged bake sale misses the point.

Following in the footsteps of other conservative youth organizations, Young Conservatives of Texas held a bake sale on the West Mall on Wednesday with different prices for different students. White males paid the most at $2.50 per baked good. The stated purpose of the event was to protest the alleged unfairness of affirmative action programs, but by reducing the built-in discrimination against minorities to a simple sliding scale, these budding conservative leaders missed the point of modern holistic admissions processes like the one recently challenged in the Fisher case. There are plenty of reasonable ways to question the value of affirmative action, but Young Conservatives’ childish stunt wasn’t one of them.

Horns Up: Texas (mostly) acknowledges reality.

According to a survey released Tuesday by Yale University’s Project on Climate Change Communication, 70 percent of Texans believe in global warming, and more than half believe dealing with it should be a high priority for the federal government. Unfortunately, only 44 percent concluded that the global warming has been caused by human activity, in contrast to 97 percent of peer-reviewed climate studies surveyed by The Guardian.

Horns Up: Cornyn shows restraint on Syria

On Tuesday, The Dallas Morning News reported that Sen. John Cornyn had stayed silent throughout a meeting between President Barack Obama and congressional leaders on possible military action in Syria. Through an aid, Cornyn issued a statement saying that he would urge the president “to explain [to the American people] in detail what vital national interests are at stake, his plan for securing these interests and a clear definition of what success looks like in Syria.”

In contrast, House Speaker and fellow Republican John Bohener has already stated that he strongly supports the president’s plan.

In light of this, Cornyn’s thoughtful response to the situation seems even more admirable. We agree with his call for the president to provide more information to the American people.

Horns Down: Another blow for LGBTQ Texans

As of Tuesday, members of the armed forces can apply for benefits for same-sex marriages under federal law. The Texas National Guard, however, is refusing to comply. According to a letter by Maj. Gen. John Nichols, under the Texas Constitution’s strictly heterosexual definition of marriage, the Texas National Guard cannot process gay and lesbian couples’ applications for benefits. This despite that fact that other states that ban gay marriage, including Florida, Michigan and Oklahoma, will follow federal law.

Texas' decision to deny federally granted benefits to men and women who have volunteered to serve this country and tell them it’s merely their bad luck to serve in Texas is about as far from “supporting the troops” as one could possibly get. Fortunately, gay and lesbian service members can get around the prejudicial restriction by applying for benefits at any federal military installation.

Senator John Cornyn (R-Texas) is interviewed at the LBJ School of Public Affairs on Friday. The Senator held a lecture with law students on how the growing public debt can affect future generations before speaking with the Daily Texan about how it will affect students both in UT and in colleges elsewhere.

Photo Credit: Jorge Corona | Daily Texan Staff

On Friday, Sen. John Cornyn R-Texas spoke with UT law students at the LBJ School of Public Affairs about the problems the growing public debt poses for the U.S. The Daily Texan sat down with Senator Cornyn to discuss how these problems could affect higher education at UT and elsewhere.

The Daily Texan: Why did you feel it was important to warn UT law students about the debt crisis?
Sen. John Cornyn:
Because students are going to have to pay the bill. [The debt is] roughly $48,000 per every man, woman and child in America right now, and all we need to do to see where this is going is to look across the Atlantic at Europe and see the sovereign debt crises over there. The bills are stacking up and creditors are doubting whether these governments can actually pay their debt. Obviously, this is creating a lot of turmoil there, a recession right now, and it could very well spill into the United States.

DT: So how would the debt crisis affect the quality and availability of higher education in the U.S. if left unsolved?
Sen. Cornyn:
It’s going to reduce the amount of money that we can spend on anything, including education. [The debt is a result] of a lot of things the federal government does, for example the expansion of Medicaid availability from 100 percent of poverty to 133 percent of poverty. That’s a sheared state/federal bill and what it does is put $27 billion of unfunded liabilities on the state government, crowding out other priorities such as education.

DT: Does decreasing federal spending to resolve the debt mean that the federal government will have to find new ways to support public education?
Sen. Cornyn:
I think budgeting is all about priorities. Clearly education is a priority. Most of it is funded at the state level, about 90 percent for K-12, and as you know a lot of students have to borrow money to fund their education. The President talked about that at his State of the Union. The problem is that education funding should be a priority, but there are a lot of things we are spending money on now that could be spent on education and other priorities.

DT: So what are those unneeded expenditures?
Sen. Cornyn
: Some of it is as simple as duplication of services. I was talking in Admiral Inman’s class a moment ago about job training. It’s something that he said is a government function, and I agree with him. We need to help people acquire the skills needed in order to get a job, but right now there are 40 different federal programs that provide job training. Obviously, I would argue there is a lot of duplication and a lot of inefficiency. Some of it is that. Some of it is simply reining in some tax expenditures, things like the ethanol subsidy. I would also encourage people to look at the Simpson Bowls Report that came out in December 2010, called “Moment of Truth”. They said we had about 1.1 trillion dollars in tax expenditures that are currently increasing the deficit, which could instead go into people’s pockets if certain provisions in the tax code were eliminated. That would go along way.

DT: What can UT and other universities do to keep college open to everyone as tuition rates and student debts continue to rise? What role does the government have in that?
Sen. Cornyn:
In my way of thinking it’s simply unacceptable to deny people access to college in this economy. We know that if people finish high school, wait to get married and if they wait to have children that their chances of joining the middle class and not being poor are much better. We haven’t had a federal budget in more than a 1000 days now, and what happens when you have a budget, whether it be a small business or government, is that you have to make hard decisions. We have to decide: what are the things you have to have, like education, what are the things you would like to have, and what is not necessary. The federal government has not been making those kinds of decisions and we need to.

DT: Is there a role that the government needs to take to ensure that education remains inclusive? Especially in a state like Texas, which has a quickly growing population.
Sen. Cornyn
: I would say we need to do a better job in reaching out to everybody in making sure that education is available to all. We have challenges, the drop out rate and things like that, but we can create a great system of community colleges that teach skills that are necessary for jobs that exist but for which there’s not a quality, trained workforce. This needs to remain at the top of our list of priorities. This is something that we are never going to be able to say we’re done with, and that it’s fixed.

DT: What advice do you have for students preparing for jobs in an economy projected to have notably lower growth outcomes than the previous generation?
Sen. Cornyn:
Well I would say don’t accumulate any more debt. Unfortunately the federal government took over all student loans in 2010, and this summer will start charging 6.8 percent on those loans. The cost of those loans is actually much lower, and the government is using the cost from those loans to fund other programs, like the health care bill. It doesn’t seem quite fair that students should have to bear that additional cost. I would say look for opportunities to complete your formal education in a shorter rather than a longer period of time. Even though Pell grants are available for 9 years, if you can do it in 5 years you can save a whole lot of money and that’s going to make it easier for you to do with that student debt, and for the countries debt.